Winter can be hard on your plants and gardens. Here is a handy planting checklist to help you keep your lawns and gardens in check as the weather gets colder:
- Planning – Winter is usually a quiet season in the garden and is a good time to prepare for Spring. Pick up some seeds and perennials here at the shop, or try experimenting with some new and unusual plants.
- Planting – Perennials, trees and shrubs may be moved while they are winter dormant as long as the ground is not frozen and the soil is workable.
- Seeds – Start your vegetable seeds such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, onions, bibb lettuce, and annual flower seeds indoors in plastic cell packs. Write the name/date of the seeds on plastic plant stakes to avoid confusion. Use a light soil mix, and after planting the seeds, mist the soil until thoroughly damp and cover with plastic wrap. Place the trays in a sunny window and check the soil weekly to make sure that it’s damp.
- Freeze Protection – Always water plants well before a severe freeze to insulate the roots; they should still be covered with their fall mulch. When perennials come out of the frozen ground, or “heave”, push them back into the ground as soons as possible and cover with mulch. Watch pansies and roses carefully for heaving problems. To protect evergreens during extreme cold, use old sheets to loosely cover plants. Pile extra leaves or straw around the trunk of young evergreens to help them reserve moisture.
- Fertilize – January, February, and March is the best period of time to fertilize trees and some shrubs For lawns, apply lime if needed, as early as December.
- Spray – Spraying dormant oil is one of the most important activities in January and early February to help protect plants from insects later in the season. Kill winter weeds by spraying herbicide on the green clumps, avoiding the dormant lawn.
- Mulch – Turn compost piles to encourage decomposition
- Prune – Prune most shrubs and trees from January to early March. Remove dead, diseased, or crossed branches anytime.
We hope this was helpful! Of course if you ever have any questions, leave a comment and we’ll be happy to help!